nigeria report

Escalating Sectarian Violence in Nigeria

Latest uploads: 

-  Journalist Amaka Okoye visits Chibok seven years after the mass kidnapping of schoolgirls that inspired the #BringBackOurGirls campaign. Read her report here

- Amid fears of civil war in Nigeria, agitation for restructuring goes north, writes Moses E. Ochonu. Read the commentary here

April 2021: Nigerian “bandits” as terrorists by another name?

 

Farooq A. Kperogi lifts the mask on the bandits terrorising northern Nigeria. Click on the button below to read his commentary.

 

 

 


Conflict in Nigeria

An increasingly bloody dispute over land use is exacerbating religious tensions in Nigeria, which is roughly equally divided between Christians and Muslims with a small percentage adhering to indigenous religions. Displacement and the effects of climate change are driving nomadic herdsmen, predominantly Muslim, southwards into largely Christian farming lands. Since 2016 Islamist inspired Fulani militias have stepped up their brutal attacks across swathes of central and southern Nigeria, laying waste to mainly Christian villages, killing the villagers or driving them from their ancestral homes. Meanwhile, the threat from the radical Islamist Boko Haram persists in the northeast where there are regular clashes with the military, and sporadic violence continues in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. The growing conflict poses a threat to stability and unity in the Country. See the Context to conflict section for more Information.

 

Church in Nigeria

Dr. John Eibner

Introduction to Nigeria Report by Dr John Eibner, Chairman International Management CSI

 

Welcome to Nigeria Report, a project of Christian Solidarity International (CSI). This is an internet platform for informed discussion of the various aspects of sectarian violence in Nigeria, and for the presentation of policy recommendations aimed at ending it. CSI’s intention is to provide space especially for the perspectives of Nigerian civil society representatives, regardless of tribal or religious identity. Such voices are currently only faintly heard outside Nigeria.

Respect for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a foundational pillar of CSI. Conversation on this platform will be conducted in the spirit of that international instrument. The views expressed in the Commentaries section are those of individual authors and are not necessarily those of CSI.

 


Trouble hotspots

 

The northeast and Middle Belt of Nigeria are the areas where political and religious violence are concentrated.

 

In one of the worst incidents, at the end of June 2018 more than 200 people were killed in attacks by Fulani militias on mostly Christian villages in  Plateau State. Numerous houses were burned down and entire villages were destroyed. To read the stories of some of the victims of these and other attacks, see the  Victims' Stories section.

 

In an echo of the kidnapping of 276 female students from a school in Chibok, Borno State in April 2014, a faction of Boko Haram on 19 February 2018 abducted 110 schoolgirls from a boarding college in Dapchi, Yobe State. Five of the girls were killed and 104 were subsequently released. But the group, ISWAP, continues to hold one girl, Leah Sharibu, who refused to renounce her Christian faith. Two aid workers captured by the same faction in March were later killed. See the Background, Conflict - Issues and actors section for more information on Boko Haram and the Fulani.

Map of the conflict in Nigeria
Map showing states most prone to religious and ethnic conflict (@CSI)


35 dead in Southern Kaduna attacks
Victims of the attacks on Southern Kaduna communities (@JDPC Kafanchan)

Latest developments

 

Dozens dead, hundreds displaced in Southern Kaduna attacks

 

At least 35 people were killed in seven separate attacks on communities in southern Kaduna State between 28 February and 11 April 2021.

 

According to the Justice, Development and Peace Commission of the Catholic Diocese of Kafanchan (JDPC Kafanchan), hundreds were left homeless when their houses were set on fire. Properties worth millions of Naira were destroyed or looted. The attacks have been attributed to Fulani herdsmen.

 

The Chawai community of Kizachi Dawai in Kauru local government area (LGA), which came under attack on 18 March, suffered the greatest number of casualties; the 12 dead were laid to rest in a mass grave.

 

In the latest attack, on Wawan Rafi in Zangon Kataf LGA, where four people were killed, two churches were burnt to the ground.

 

The other villages attacked were Kizachi Kadanya (2 dead), Kurmin Gandu (4 dead), Gora Gan (8 dead), Ungwan Dorowa and Ungwan Bido (5 dead). 



Recent violence

Some of the worst incidents reported by local media:

  • 24/04/2021: Suspected herdsmen kill 17 in Benue State attack
  • 19/03/2021: Bandits kill 13, injure 7 in Kaduna attacks
  • 02/02/2021: Bandits kill 27 in attacks on Niger communities
  • 14/01/2021: Gunmen kill 26 in Katsina, Zamfara attacks
  • 29/12/2020: ISWAP kills 5 Christians taken hostage on Christmas Eve
  • 24/12/2020: At least 10 killed in Boko Haram attacks in Borno State
  • 28/11/2020: Boko Haram slaughters more than 40 farmers in Borno State
Protest to stop killings in Nigeria
Photo: @CSI


Christian Solidarity International (CSI)

CSI is a human rights organisation campaigning for religious liberty and human dignity. It is active throughout the world where religious minorities are persecuted. In Nigeria CSI delivers food and medical aid to victims and support to displaced families.

 

This website provides an overview of the conflict situation in Nigeria since 2018, which has affected so many lives. It offers space for victims to share their personal testimony and a platform for different views on the nature of the crisis and how it can be resolved. 

 

To support the work of CSI in Nigeria, visit the Donate page.

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