nigeria report

Escalating Sectarian Violence in Nigeria

Latest uploads: 

Young Nigerians protest under the spectre of anarchy and genocide. Read the commentary here

- Former Deputy Governor of Bank of Nigeria threatened for exposing truth behind Middle Belt massacres. Read the press release here 

- Nigeria: Unfolding Genocide? An Inquiry by the UK All-Party Parliamentary Group for International Freedom of Religion or Belief. Read the report here 

Conflict in Nigeria

An increasingly bloody dispute over land use is exacerbating religious tensions in Nigeria, which is roughly equally divided between Christians and Muslims with a small percentage adhering to indigenous religions. Displacement and the effects of climate change are driving nomadic herdsmen, predominantly Muslim, southwards into largely Christian farming lands. Since 2016 Islamist inspired Fulani militias have stepped up their brutal attacks across swathes of central and southern Nigeria, laying waste to mainly Christian villages, killing the villagers or driving them from their ancestral homes. Meanwhile, the threat from the radical Islamist Boko Haram persists in the northeast where there are regular clashes with the military, and sporadic violence continues in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. The growing conflict poses a threat to stability and unity in the Country. See the Context to conflict section for more Information.


Church in Nigeria

Dr. John Eibner

Introduction to Nigeria Report by Dr John Eibner, Chairman International Management CSI


Welcome to Nigeria Report, a project of Christian Solidarity International (CSI). This is an internet platform for informed discussion of the various aspects of sectarian violence in Nigeria, and for the presentation of policy recommendations aimed at ending it. CSI’s intention is to provide space especially for the perspectives of Nigerian civil society representatives, regardless of tribal or religious identity. Such voices are currently only faintly heard outside Nigeria.

Respect for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a foundational pillar of CSI. Conversation on this platform will be conducted in the spirit of that international instrument. The views expressed in the Commentaries section are those of individual authors and are not necessarily those of CSI.


Trouble hotspots


The northeast and Middle Belt of Nigeria are the areas where political and religious violence are concentrated.


In one of the worst incidents, at the end of June 2018 more than 200 people were killed in attacks by Fulani militias on mostly Christian villages in  Plateau State. Numerous houses were burned down and entire villages were destroyed. To read the stories of some of the victims of these and other attacks, see the  Victims' Stories section.


In an echo of the kidnapping of 276 female students from a school in Chibok, Borno State in April 2014, a faction of Boko Haram on 19 February 2018 abducted 110 schoolgirls from a boarding college in Dapchi, Yobe State. Five of the girls were killed and 104 were subsequently released. But the group, ISWAP, continues to hold one girl, Leah Sharibu, who refused to renounce her Christian faith. Two aid workers captured by the same faction in March were later killed. See the Background, Conflict - Issues and actors section for more information on Boko Haram and the Fulani.

Map of the conflict in Nigeria
Map showing states most prone to religious and ethnic conflict (@CSI)

Children whose parents were killed by Fulani militants (@Intersociety)
Protesting Benue children orphaned by Fulani militant attacks (@Intersociety)

Latest developments

At least 1,650 Christians killed in first nine months of 2020 – Intersociety


Between 1,650 and 1,700 Christians were killed in attacks by Islamists from 1 January to 30 September 2020, according to the Nigerian International Society for Civil Liberties and the Rule of Law (Intersociety). It said jihadist Fulani herdsmen accounted for as many as 1,200 of these deaths with Boko Haram and other jihadist groups making up the remainder.

Recent violence

Some of the worst incidents reported by local media:

  • 12/10/2020: Boko Haram kills 14 farmers in Borno State
  • 10/09/2020: 20 abducted following shoot-out in Abuja suburb
  • 06/09/2020: Bandits kill three, kidnap seven in southern Kaduna
  • 06/08/2020: 33 feared killed in Kaduna State attacks
  • 19/07/2020: Around 20 killed in attack on wedding party in Kaduna State
  • 09/06/20-13/06/20: 120 killed in Boko Haram attacks in Borno State
  • 12/05/2020-13/05/2020: 25, including children, killed in southern Kaduna State attacks
Protest to stop killings in Nigeria
Photo: @CSI

Christian Solidarity International (CSI)

CSI is a human rights organisation campaigning for religious liberty and human dignity. It is active throughout the world where religious minorities are persecuted. In Nigeria CSI delivers food and medical aid to victims and support to displaced families.


This website provides an overview of the conflict situation in Nigeria since 2018, which has affected so many lives. It offers space for victims to share their personal testimony and a platform for different views on the nature of the crisis and how it can be resolved. 


To support the work of CSI in Nigeria, visit the Donate page.


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