nigeria report

Escalating Sectarian Violence in Nigeria

Appeal to UN


14 NGOs have addressed a petition to the UN Special Advisor for Genocide Prevention, asking her to “use all the facilities available through your office to prevent or stop genocide and other atrocity crimes against Christians in Nigeria.”

Read more.



On Pentecost Sunday 2022, scores of people were massacred in an attack by suspected Fulani militants on a Catholic worship service in Owo, Ondo State.

- Amaka Okoye reports from the scene. 

- What we know so far.

- CSI's John Eibner writes to Liz Truss.



On 12 May 2022, Deborah Samuel Yakubu, a university student in Sokoto, was murdered by a mob after being accused of blasphemy.


Full story.
Our complete coverage.
CSI writes to Secretary Blinken about Deborah.
Franklyne Ogbunwezeh and Joel Veldkamp discuss Deborah's murder.


Latest news:

- Weeks of bloody attacks in Nigeria’s Kaduna State drive Christians from their homes. Read more.

- Nigerians speak out at London Religious Freedom Ministerial. Watch videos.

- In Kaduna State, relatives of the kidnapped wait anxiously for their return. Read more.

- Msgr. Obiora Ike: "A crime worse than Bucha." Read more. 

- Over 100 killed, thousands displaced as Fulani militias strike Giwa, Kaduna State. Read more.

- 3 killed in attack on Christian lawmaker's convoy. Read more.

- New Human Rights Report: Terror and Mass Displacement in Nigeria's Middle Belt. Read more.


New on the Blog page

CSI interviews human rights activist and journalist Luka Binniyat about the attacks on Christians in southern Kaduna State.

Binniyat recently spent three months in prison for his reporting on these massacres.

Conflict in Nigeria

An increasingly bloody dispute over land use is exacerbating religious tensions in Nigeria, which is roughly equally divided between Christians and Muslims with a small percentage adhering to indigenous religions. Displacement and the effects of climate change are driving nomadic herdsmen, predominantly Muslim, southwards into largely Christian farming lands. Since 2016 Islamist inspired Fulani militias have stepped up their brutal attacks across swathes of central and southern Nigeria, laying waste to mainly Christian villages, killing the villagers or driving them from their ancestral homes. Meanwhile, the threat from the radical Islamist Boko Haram persists in the northeast where there are regular clashes with the military, and sporadic violence continues in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. The growing conflict poses a threat to stability and unity in the Country. See the Context to conflict section for more Information.


Church in Nigeria

Dr. John Eibner

Introduction to Nigeria Report by Dr John Eibner, International President of CSI


Welcome to Nigeria Report, a project of Christian Solidarity International (CSI). This is an internet platform for informed discussion of the various aspects of sectarian violence in Nigeria, and for the presentation of policy recommendations aimed at ending it. CSI’s intention is to provide space especially for the perspectives of Nigerian civil society representatives, regardless of tribal or religious identity. Such voices are currently only faintly heard outside Nigeria.

Respect for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a foundational pillar of CSI. Conversation on this platform will be conducted in the spirit of that international instrument. The views expressed in the Commentaries section are those of individual authors and are not necessarily those of CSI.


Trouble hotspots


The northeast and Middle Belt of Nigeria are the areas where political and religious violence are concentrated.


In one of the worst incidents, at the end of June 2018 more than 200 people were killed in attacks by Fulani militias on mostly Christian villages in  Plateau State. Numerous houses were burned down and entire villages were destroyed. To read the stories of some of the victims of these and other attacks, see the  Victims' Stories section.


In an echo of the kidnapping of 276 female students from a school in Chibok, Borno State in April 2014, a faction of Boko Haram on 19 February 2018 abducted 110 schoolgirls from a boarding college in Dapchi, Yobe State. Five of the girls were killed and 104 were subsequently released. But the group, ISWAP, continues to hold one girl, Leah Sharibu, who refused to renounce her Christian faith. Two aid workers captured by the same faction in March were later killed. See the Background, Conflict - Issues and actors section for more information on Boko Haram and the Fulani.

Map of the conflict in Nigeria
Map showing states most prone to religious and ethnic conflict (CSI)

Jonathan Asake, President of the Southern Kaduna People's Union (SOKAPU) explains the reasons for the attacks in southern Kaduna State. 


Read the interview on the Blog page.

Recent violence

Some of the worst incidents reported by local media:

  • 06-08/06/2022: 32 killed in attacks in Kaduna
  • 05/06/2022: Scores killed in attack on a church in Ondo State
  • 10/04/2022: Armed herdsmen kill 142 in Plateau
  • 28/03/2022: 8 killed in Boko Haram attack on train in Kaduna state
  • 04/02/2022: Bandits kill 33 in Zamfara
Protest to stop killings in Nigeria
Photo: CSI


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Christian Solidarity International (CSI)

CSI is a human rights organisation campaigning for religious liberty and human dignity. It is active throughout the world where religious minorities are persecuted. In Nigeria CSI delivers food and medical aid to victims and support to displaced families.


This website provides an overview of the conflict situation in Nigeria since 2018, which has affected so many lives. It offers space for victims to share their personal testimony and a platform for different views on the nature of the crisis and how it can be resolved. 


To support the work of CSI in Nigeria, visit the Donate page.