nigeria report

Latest uploads on the Commentaries page:

"The influx of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) and the rise of local non-governmental organisations (LNGOs) has complicated the crisis: what we are witnessing today is a big cash flow into the country and the commercialisation of the conflict. The apparent lack of will on the part of the present government...  is regrettable and raises a lot of questions. This lack of will on the part of the government is manifest in the corruption of government officials; the lack of adequate equipment for the military and the underfunding of the various agencies involved in counter-terrorism; and the inability of government to name the sponsors of the terrorist group," writes Father John Bakeni from Maiduguri reporting on efforts to end the Boko Haram insurgency. Read more


Latest uploads on the Publications page: 

- Call by Chief Justice of Nigeria for accommodation of shari'a law could lead to "full-blown war", says Supreme Council for Ecclesiastical Affairs: Read more

- Nigeria is number three in the list of countries most impacted by terrorism, according to the Global Terrorism Index 2019: Read more

Conflict in Nigeria

An increasingly bloody dispute over land use is exacerbating religious tensions in Nigeria, which is roughly equally divided between Christians and Muslims with a small percentage adhering to indigenous religions. Displacement and the effects of climate change are driving nomadic herdsmen, predominantly Muslim, southwards into largely Christian farming lands. Since 2016 Islamist inspired Fulani militias have stepped up their brutal attacks across swathes of central and southern Nigeria, laying waste to mainly Christian villages, killing the villagers or driving them from their ancestral homes. Meanwhile, the threat from the radical Islamist Boko Haram persists in the northeast where there are regular clashes with the military, and sporadic violence continues in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. The growing conflict poses a threat to stability and unity in the Country. See the Context to conflict section for more Information.


Introduction to Nigeria Report by Dr John Eibner, Chairman International Management CSI


Welcome to Nigeria Report, a project of Christian Solidarity International (CSI). This is an internet platform for informed discussion of the various aspects of sectarian violence in Nigeria, and for the presentation of policy recommendations aimed at ending it. CSI’s intention is to provide space especially for the perspectives of Nigerian civil society representatives, regardless of tribal or religious identity. Such voices are currently only faintly heard outside Nigeria.

Respect for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a foundational pillar of CSI. Conversation on this platform will be conducted in the spirit of that international instrument. The views expressed in the Commentaries section are those of individual authors and are not necessarily those of CSI.


Trouble hotspots


The northeast and Middle Belt of Nigeria are the areas where political and religious violence are concentrated.


In one of the worst recent attacks, at the end of June 2018 more than 200 people were killed in attacks by Fulani militias on 18 mostly Christian villages in  Plateau State. Numerous houses were burned down and entire villages were destroyed. To read the stories of some of the victims, see the  Victims' Stories section.


In an echo of the kidnapping of 276 female students from a school in Chibok, Borno State in April 2014, a faction of Boko Haram on 19 February 2018 abducted 110 schoolgirls from a boarding college in Dapchi, Yobe State. Five of the girls were killed and 104 were subsequently released. But the group, ISWAP, continues to hold one girl, Leah Sharibu, who refuses to renounce her Christian faith. Two aid workers captured by the same faction in March were later killed. See the Background, Conflict - Issues and actors section for more information on Boko Haram and the Fulani.

Map showing states most prone to religious and ethnic conflict (@CSI)
Map showing states most prone to religious and ethnic conflict (@CSI)

The dead were buried in a mass grave, pointed out here. (@ECCVN)
The dead were buried in a mass grave, pointed out here. (@ECCVN)

Latest developments


13 killed in attack on Plateau village by suspected Fulani

Muslim Fulani herdsmen are accused of killing 13 Christians in an attack in Plateau State on 8 January. Reliable reports from Jos said that a group of herdsmen attacked the predominantly Christian village of Kulben, killing 13 and leaving several others seriously injured. The dead and injured were all said to be members of the Church of Christ in Nations (COCIN). 


“We were able to visit some of those injured in hospital; they are in critical condition,” Salomon Dalyop of the NGO Emancipation Centre for Crisis Victims in Nigeria (ECCVN) told Nigeria Report by phone. He said the dead had all been placed in a mass grave, contrary to the local tradition honouring the dead.

Recent violence

The end of 2019 witnessed an upsurge in attacks by Boko Haram faction ISWAP in Nigeria's northeast. Some of the worst incidents reported by local media:

  • 25/12/2019: ISWAP kills 11 Christian hostages
  • 24/12/2019: Boko Haram kill 7 in raid near Chibok, Borno State
  • 22/12/2019: ISWAP kills 6. abducts 5 in Borno State
  • 21/11/2019: Suspected Boko Haram fighters kill at least 11 hunters in Adamawa State
  • 05/10/19: 16 civilians killed in Boko Haram attacks in Borno State
  • 27/08/19: Jihadists kill 11 construction workers near Maiduguri, Borno State
  • 27/07/19: At least 65 killed in attack attributed to Boko Haram near Maiduguri, Borno State
  • 19/07/19: 37 killed by armed bandits in attack in Sokoto State
Photo: @CSI
Photo: @CSI

Christian Solidarity International (CSI)

CSI is a human rights organisation campaigning for religious liberty and human dignity. It is active throughout the world where religious minorities are persecuted. In Nigeria CSI delivers food and medical aid to victims and support to displaced families.


This website provides an overview of the conflict situation in Nigeria since 2018, which has affected so many lives. It offers space for victims to share their personal testimony and a platform for different views on the nature of the crisis and how it can be resolved. 


To support the work of CSI in Nigeria, visit the Donate page.

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